Tag Archives: sun

Light Overcomes Darkness

Studies in Genesis 1

And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth.” And it was so. (Genesis 1:14-19 ESV)

This is the message we have heard from him and proclaim to you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. If we say we have fellowship with him while we walk in darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth. But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin. (1 John 1:5-7 ESV)

Where there is darkness God gives light. There is a spiritual element to light and darkness as well as a physical element. God does nothing arbitrarily but thoughtfully, with ramifications which cross physical boundaries into the spiritual, eternal realms. Man, whom He created for eternity, is embedded with the eternal light of God. But darkness corrupted Man. Darkness cannot corrupt light.

Where there is darkness He brings light. On the fourth day of creation God filled the heavens with lights. He made the Sun to “rule the day” and the Moon and stars to “rule the night.” He separated day from night but did not allow complete darkness to rule the night. Night was dark but there was always some light. At times the light reflected by the Moon would be strong or dim. When the Moon was hidden by the earth there were the stars. Until God rolls up the heavens, bringing an end to the universe, stars will shine. Only when eyes are hidden from the light will there be no light to see.

A brief look at history will show God working according to the principle of light and darkness, and of separation. God separated out a people from the rest of the population, not because they were special but because through them would come His Son. Yet, He gave these people His laws, both civil and criminal, and rules for living. He made them different than from the rest of the people of the world. Giving them His law made them a light to the world. His law was the light and the people were the instrument used to shine the light. No matter how hard they tried to suppress God’s light, to exclude any not “chosen” according to their traditions, God used His light in them to bring many people to Himself.

Through the nation of Israel came His Son, God’s absolute light to a world enveloped in darkness. God’s chosen are not the nation through which Christ came but those who are citizens of the kingdom of heaven, chosen by God. Jesus is not simply a vessel or instrument of light but the actual, spiritual light to physical people corrupted by sin, filled with darkness. His righteous light overcomes the spiritual darkness of sin.

Finally, God set His Church in the world, scattered throughout as many points of light. Each person filled with the Spirit of God is not only the vessel but a source of light.

God separated people from Himself because of the darkness of sin. Yet, His purpose since the fall is to draw people toward Himself. He came and dwelt with the nation of Israel, shining His light through them to a world enveloped in darkness. He sent His Son, completely God and completely Man as God originally intended in Adam, as the absolute source of light, both physical and spiritual. When Jesus ascended, God sent His Spirit indwelling those who are His while they continued living in a world covered in darkness. Throughout history God has provided light, even a dim light, to a world darkened by sin. Until the end of time, which will come, God shines light in darkness. Ultimate separation from God is absolute darkness while absolute inclusion with God in eternity is refulgent light.

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Fourth Day

Studies in Genesis 1

And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day. (Gen 1:19 ESV)

On the first day of creation God said “let there be light” and “separated the light from darkness.” He declared light “good.” He called light “day” and darkness He named “night.”

On the fourth day of creation God created physical objects which, by their nature and according to the laws of nature, cast light throughout the universe. He created the stars. One of those stars He designated the “greater light to rule the day.” Our Sun came into existence. As Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the Sun there are periods of time of light and darkness, of day and night.

Yet, He also created a “lesser light to rule the night.” This is our Moon which does not, according to its nature and the laws of the universe, generate light. Our Moon only reflects light from the Sun to Earth during specific times. But not all of the time do we see the reflection of the Moon, which revolves around the Earth but does not rotate on its axis.

Though we know some nights are darker than others yet there is always some light, dim and weak, reaching the surface of the Earth, from the stars of the universe.

We gaze upon the Moon and make its light romantic, for it chases away just enough of the darkness to allow us to faintly see that which surrounds us. We do not see clearly yet our imaginations fill in the blanks, most often with that which we want to see, not with that which is true.

No one gazes at the Sun. Its light is so intense it would burn eyes and blind. But we see what is truly there in the light of the Sun. Nothing is hidden. All is laid bare.

On the fourth day God gave a means to measure time, though “days and years” and “seasons” of the year. “Season” is an appointed time which occurs on a schedule at the same time each year and which signals a specific activity or occurrence. Once night has come day follows, for day follows night as night follows day. Once a season has begun it will come to an end and the next season will begin, each season following in succession. Time moves and never repeats.

At the evening of the fourth day all is in place, prepared for what will come with the dawning of the fifth day. God’s purpose and plans for Earth are sure and unstoppable, true and open for all to see and know.

 

Equilibrium

Studies in Genesis 1

And God made the two great lights — the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night — and the stars. And God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness.(Genesis 1:16-18 ESV)

God created stars and planets. I am stating the obvious but we tend to ignore the reality and immensity of these objects. They are real places. They are far away. Yet, they must be there to maintain the balance of the universe.

Within close proximity to the Earth, which by the fourth day is covered in vegetation, God placed a “greater light” the Sun, “to rule the day” and a “lesser light,” the Moon, “to rule the night.” God placed the greater light in the center of the solar system with all of the planets revolving around it. He placed the lesser light an orbit near Earth.

Earth revolves once every 24 hours on its axis around the Sun. As the Earth revolves part of the planet is facing the Sun receiving its light while the other part is facing away from the Sun. This does not mean the part facing away is in total darkness. God placed the Moon, which revolves around the Earth once every 28 days, to reflect the light of the Sun. He also placed in the heavens the stars which also give light to that part of the Earth facing away from the Sun.

While the Sun emits light the Moon only reflects the light which bounces off its surface from the Sun. The Moon is a dead chunk of matter. Yet God placed it in the heavens to reflect light from the Sun onto the Earth, along with the stars, so there would not be complete darkness. He created day and night, just as He created darkness and light.

Our solar system is in equilibrium, everything placed exactly where it will provide the most stability to Earth to maintain life.

Equilibrium is a law of nature. God determined, from the creation of all matter, that His universe would balance. God made the universe stable. Even though everything in the universe is constantly moving the movement is within a system and along a path determined by God. The forces which cause movement are countered by the forces moving against the object.

Nothing God does is random or arbitrary. Everything He creates has purpose and is governed by God, the Creator.

Time, Days and Seasons

Studies in Genesis 1

And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth.” And it was so. (Genesis 1:14-15 ESV)

When God created the heavens and the earth on the first day He created matter, space and time. Yet, there was no one but Himself who understood the uses of matter, the immenseness of space and the movement of time. Everything began moving at creation and continues moving until creation ceases. Matter moves about space, filling small corners of the universe, leaving immeasurable emptiness between each chunk. Space moves. Light moves. Time moves forward.

God gave creation boundaries which only He may transcend. God set in place the physical laws of the universe which only He may suspend. All of creation in under God’s authority and government.

It is the place of government to set boundaries and implement laws. By doing what He has done God shows is authority and control over His creation. This is not wishful thinking. His laws and boundaries are absolute.

He set each star in place. Our Sun is one of those stars. He determined the heavenly bodies would be signs of the movement of time, for seasons and days and years. And that they were to give light upon the Earth, to separate light from darkness, day from night.

Day is a period of time in which there is light for growth, and heat. Night is a period of subdued but not complete darkness. For the way God created the heavenly lights there is always some light striking the surface of the Earth.

Physical Sources of Light

Studies in Genesis 1

And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth.” And it was so. (Genesis 1:14-15 ESV)

We are faced with a conundrum. On the first “day” God created light. Actually, He said “be light, and there was light” (Genesis 1:3 ESV). He created all of the material in the universe and there was darkness over “the face of the deep.” He then said “be light” and He separated darkness from light.

Here, God says “be lights.” Where there was nothing He created specific bodies which provide illumination. There is a difference between the word “light” and “lights.” “Light” means illumination without designating a source. “Lights” are the actual sources of light. It takes a lot of imagination to realize God is the source of light during the first three “days” of creation, just as God is the source of life created on the third “day.”

Our conundrum is one of imagination. Because of the laws of nature, written and implemented by God, we know without light there is no life. We cannot imagine light without a physical source. Yet, for the first three “days” God did not designate a physical source of light, but there was light and still created life. Vegetation demands physical light to germinate, grow and propagate. There was physical light and this light could have sustained life for as long as God demanded.

We know what God has told us. On the fourth “day” he created the physical sources of light, the sun, stars and moon.