Tag Archives: sea creatures


Studies in Genesis 1

And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food. And to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the heavens and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so. (Genesis 1:29-30 ESV)

God is the Creator of life and everything created. God is the Sustainer of life. God governs and gives purpose to life. He created light on the first day and the sun, moon and stars on the fourth. He created a habitable planet on the second day and plant life on the third. His universe is orderly and operates under specific laws determined and emplaced by Him.

On the fifth day God created the sea creatures and the birds of the air. On the sixth day He created the land dwelling creatures. He created Man in His image. Man stands apart from all other created life on Earth.

God gave Man food. Every “plant yielding seed” and “every tree with seed in its fruit” was food for Man. Nothing God designated as food was poisonous or would hurt Man. Man was to rule over and govern life, the sea creatures, the birds of the air and all animal life dwelling on dry land. Man was originally created as an herbivore, not a carnivore.

God also says “everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food.” Does this mean all life capable of eating ate only vegetation? It wasn’t until the sixth day God designated food for the animals created on the fifth day. Did they not eat until the sixth day?

It is my opinion a “day” in God’s calendar of the first week is a period of time but is not a literal 24 hours. Though He created time when He created space He did not set the Sun and Moon and the days and seasons until the fourth day. Though God certainly could have created everything in a literal 144 hours I do not believe He did. The physical evidence, including the speed of light, suggests He created all over an unimaginably long period of time. God is not constrained by time. He was there and tells us what He did but does not give us blow by blow details. We are given, by God, the faculty to observe and examine and draw reasonable conclusions about what He did based upon both general and special revelation. We can make reasonable assumptions. But we cannot tell God what He did and do not have the right to put words in His mouth.

Based on the evidence of my study of Scripture, observations and my own thoughts I believe we are in the sixth day. We are looking forward to His seventh day rest. In my opinion.




Studies in Genesis 1

Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” (Genesis 1:26 ESV)

Dominion does not mean ownership. God created all things, which means God is the owner of all things created. This includes Man. Though created in His image, no person created has absolute, autonomous ownership of themselves. Ignoring God and acting like He is not there will not dissolve the connection any has with their Creator.

God tells us what it is over which people have dominion, control, responsibility and privilege. His list follows the days of creation, beginning with the sea creatures and the birds of the air. He then states in verse 26 that people have dominion over the “livestock” and every “creeping things” which includes reptiles and snakes. God repeats His direction of authority given people in verse 28 when He includes everything that lives. It is not that God forgot to include all living creatures then remembered in His next declaration. His second declaration of authority given people is an affirmation, a statement for us that tells us He is not going to change His mind. It is a sure thing. Throughout Scripture God will make a statement two or three times telling us His mind and will are set.

People are given authority over the Earth as God’s physical representative. With His image we speak and act and judge for Him. This does not mean He is not present, distant or completely absent. He is everywhere. This does mean when we speak and act based upon the moral standard embedded in the image of God we uphold and reinforce His purpose and intent. God views our speech, acts and moral decisions as if He Himself was speaking and acting based on His moral attributes and will uphold and stand by our speech, acts and moral decisions.

Again, I do not want people to misunderstand. Those given the image of God are given all they need to fulfill His purpose by functioning as He designed. There is no thought of rebellion built into the image of God. His eternal knowledge of the coming rebellion, knowing sin will happen, does not change God’s purpose and intent for people, nor their place in God’s created order. Sin affects how people relate to God and to Creation but does not change God.

All God is doing in these verses happens in eternity but before sin and rebellion in the space-time universe. Sin and rebellion change Man’s position and authority before God. We are seeing Man the way God intended.


Land Animals

Studies in Genesis

And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds.” And it was so.

And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the livestock according to their kinds, and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. (Genesis 1:24-25 ESV)

Again, God speaks. He announces what He determines to create, bringing into existence all He intends. He creates the land animals. He has already covered the land with vegetation. He has already filled the waters with sea creatures and the air with flying creatures. Now, He brings into existence the land animals.

He commands the earth “bring forth” living creatures. He has spoken the same idea in Genesis 1:11, “let the earth sprout vegetation” and uses the same term in 1:12, “the earth brought forth vegetation.” Out of the existing materials of the ground, the dirt and dust of the earth, God fashioned living creatures. He does not need preexisting material to create anything but has chosen to do so.

It is interesting to note the order in which He declares the creation of animal life. He gives an order in verse 24 then changes the order in verse 25. I can only assume He does so to help us define the value and places of these creatures. All animal life carries the same value to God. It is “good.” That, and as we shall see, Man will have dominion over all animal life. We will discuss dominion in the future. For now it is important we recognize God has created these creature and, at least before the fall, given Man responsibility over them.

Out of the ground God created the “beasts of the earth,” “livestock,” and “everything the creeps.” “Beasts” are the flesh of raw animal life that wanders freely across the earth, avoiding Man. He creates “creeping” things which means those animals which move fast or glide across the ground, such as reptiles, insects and worms, mostly unaware of Man. They do not range over wide areas of land such as the beasts. Finally, he creates “livestock” which is the domesticated animals who stay close to Man.

Each of these species He creates “after its kind.” He uses this phrase five times in these two verses, and ten times in the first chapter of Genesis. This phrase is important to God and is, therefore, important to all His creation, but especially Man. We place ourselves in danger when we ignore what He is saying to us.

God declares His creation of the animal life “good.” He is pleased.

The Fifth Day

Studies in Genesis

And God saw that it was good.

And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.”

And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day. (Genesis 1:20-23 ESV)

By the end of the fifth day God accomplished everything He determined to do up to that time. An environment is in place made to sustain the living plants and creatures He created and to provide all of the food needed for life. He always perfectly finishes what He begins.

Over what appears as a long period of time God creates life that breaths, moves and flies. Previously, on the third day, He created plant life, flora, fruits and vegetables, grass and trees. Then, on day four, He created the Sun and Moon, the greater light to govern the day and the lesser to govern the night. On fifth day He created some animal life, fauna, the sea creatures and the birds of the air.

Every living thing He created, and will create, filled the Earth, blessed with the natural ability to reproduce after its own kind. Each species of grass reproduces the same grass. So, too, each different species of vegetables and fruit tree are blessed, making more of the same. Plant life, as part of a life cycle, produces seeds which grows more of the same. So too, the sea creatures and the birds of the air reproduce after their own kind. A fish does not reproduce a bird, or that which is rooted reproduce that which moves, swims or flies.

All He has done is according to His eternal logic and design, in His power and strength. He established the laws of nature and of the universe according to His eternal determination. Our comprehension of His laws suggests a different order of events. For example, the solar system needed to be in place before life on earth could self-create. Plants need light and without a sun there is insufficient light. Yet, on day one God tells us He created light. Combined with the atmosphere He created on day two, this light and environment was sufficient to sustain plant life He created on day three.

Another example is the fossil record, which shows a great many land animals coming into existence somewhere between the first sea creature and the first flying bird. Most, if not all, of these land creatures are now extinct. Yet, sea creatures and creatures of the air, birds, are plentiful.

God does not give us a blow by blow with encyclopedia entries for any of His creation. He does tell us what He has done on each day in a broad, all encompassing way. We want to know exactly what happened so we can control Him. He told us what happened because He is in control, and we are not.

After Their Kind

Studies in Genesis 1

So God created the great sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” (Genesis 1:21-22 ESV)

God uses two terms in these verses to show how He has set up the natural order and the laws of nature to propagate each species to increase their numbers. He states that the sea creatures and the bird exist “according” or “after their kind” or “after its kind.”  He uses a word which means to sort or group according to form and likeness. This word is used only 31 times, all of which are in the Pentateuch, except for one instance in Ezekiel (47:10).

While there are swarms of creatures, large numbers filling the seas and sky, there are uncounted groups of like creatures. They are “after their kind.” Though God made a single human He made large numbers of each kind of creature.

Then God commanded these creatures “be fruitful and multiply.” He wanted them to fill the Earth with life. The emphasis of the words is the ability to produce offspring of their kind. We know now God created male and female of each species because He determined the way the animals would have offspring. He set up the natural system according to natural laws so the population of each species would increase naturally.

This may seem an obvious statement yet the current reaction to the way God introduced life on Earth rejects the evidence of His involvement so as to skew the natural order and reinterpret the natural laws. Yet, God’s work and the laws He established are minutely intricate, profoundly simple and point to Him as Creator.

Animal Life

Studies in Genesis 1

And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens.” (Genesis 1:20 ESV)

God created a physical planet in a hostile universe and filled it with life. He separated the waters forming oceans and lakes, rivers and streams. He set the boundaries of the atmosphere and made an environment capable of sustaining itself according to the laws of nature He put in place.

He created a perfectly balanced universe and a solar system within the universe to hold the life He created on Earth. Yet, by the fourth day, life on Earth is only food, green plants and vegetables and trees with their fruit. He covered the surface of the land with vegetation. He has also put food into the waters.

Now, on the fifth day, He creates animal life. He fills the waters with living creatures. He uses the word “swarm” which means to abound and to move while abounding. Plants and trees do not move. Animal life moves.

He does not create just a few creatures. He fills the seas with moving animals of an unknowable variety, from the smallest single cell animal to massive sea creatures. These creatures are designed to live and proliferate in water. They are not designed to survive on dry land.

He didn’t create only animal life in the waters. He filled the air, the atmosphere which surrounds the Earth, with birds and other creature which fly. Not a few birds or a few species of flying creatures but innumerable varieties and sizes and kinds. Like the fish, He uniquely designed these flying creatures to move through the atmosphere. We know these creatures rested on the land when not flying.

Early Earth was wondrous because God is wondrous. Occasionally, we discover the evidence of life from the earliest time. This evidence points to the creativity of the God of all.