Tag Archives: physical laws

Time, Days and Seasons

Studies in Genesis 1

And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth.” And it was so. (Genesis 1:14-15 ESV)

When God created the heavens and the earth on the first day He created matter, space and time. Yet, there was no one but Himself who understood the uses of matter, the immenseness of space and the movement of time. Everything began moving at creation and continues moving until creation ceases. Matter moves about space, filling small corners of the universe, leaving immeasurable emptiness between each chunk. Space moves. Light moves. Time moves forward.

God gave creation boundaries which only He may transcend. God set in place the physical laws of the universe which only He may suspend. All of creation in under God’s authority and government.

It is the place of government to set boundaries and implement laws. By doing what He has done God shows is authority and control over His creation. This is not wishful thinking. His laws and boundaries are absolute.

He set each star in place. Our Sun is one of those stars. He determined the heavenly bodies would be signs of the movement of time, for seasons and days and years. And that they were to give light upon the Earth, to separate light from darkness, day from night.

Day is a period of time in which there is light for growth, and heat. Night is a period of subdued but not complete darkness. For the way God created the heavenly lights there is always some light striking the surface of the Earth.

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A Little Elementary Earth Science

Studies in Genesis 1

And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so. (Genesis 1:7 ESV)

Here are some elementary earth science observations.

As God formed earth He made water a necessity for life. Water is made up of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom bonded together. Hydrogen and oxygen exist independently yet come together, as a law of nature, to form water.

There is just as much hydrogen and oxygen atoms now as there were in the beginning of creation. Because we live in a closed system called the universe matter cannot be introduced or extracted. There is just as much matter now as there was however long ago the universe began.

Most of the physical composition of every living thing on our planet is water. God instituted a law governing the amount of water contained in every living thing. Too much or too little and the living thing dies.

God set in place a system for cycling water throughout the planet. Water covers most of the surface helping keep the planet at a constant temperature. Water evaporates from the oceans into the atmosphere helping protect the planet from the harmful effects of radiation from the sun. Evaporated water condenses and waters the surface of the planet so life continues to live.

Some have suggested these laws are naturally occurring. Others, me included, suggest the involvement of intelligence in the design of nature. Both conclusions are certainly possible. But which conclusion is reasonable? We will continue to examine the evidence.

Light

Studies in Genesis 1

“And God said, “Let there be light, and there was light.” (Genesis 1:3 ESV)

Light.

Not just the light found in the universe but light for the Earth. Light to illuminate the dead rock which God is changing into a place of life and vitality.

Light is energy, atoms excited by other atoms. How light works is mysterious. Light acts like a particle, photons traveling in a straight line. Light acts like a wave, undulating through the spectrum. Scientists have suggested light cannot be both therefore it is neither. Light is something else.

Light travels fast. In “empty” space light travels at 186,282 miles, or 299,792 kilometers, per second.

Light is filled with a wide spectrum of color, seamlessly blending from one color to the next.

Without light and its energy the Earth could not sustain life. Plants could not grow and dispense into the atmosphere the molecules and chemicals needed to continue to grow anything. Without light the Earth would not maintain a temperature needed to sustain life. Without light water would not evaporate and travel through the atmosphere to other places. Light is essential to stabilizing a dead rock to fulfill God’s purpose.

Light is the first essential ingredient for life. God created a universe which operates within specific boundaries, adhering to well-defined laws. So, the creation of Earth follows these well-defined laws. While God can certainly suspend those laws and work outside of them His creation runs and operates within the laws of the universe.

God is fully involved in the operation of the universe and of the earth.

God Uttered

Studies in Genesis 1

And God said. [Genesis 1:3 ESV]

Elohēm awmar. God uttered. God declared. God spoke.

These two words are a simple and elegant phrase of God’s creative being.

Behind these two words is the infinite intelligence and purpose of God. He determined before He created what a thing is and how it will act within the larger context of all things and how each acts and reacts to every other thing.

He created all matter ex nihilo, out of nothing. All matter exists. Now, in these two words, He begins to shape matter into different elements according to His eternally determined desire.

Words imply laws, such as grammar and syntax. Yet, words also suggest the physical, moral and emotional laws which govern the speaker and about that which is spoken. Physical laws and moral laws are absolutes. Everything exists and moves according to an established boundary encompassing existence and movement. Nothing can break a law without suffering specific consequences.

God established the laws which govern the universe.

Words also imply action of will. God does not just speak to hear His own voice. When He speaks something happens. He may speak into existence, changing matter from one element to another or He may whisper to people direction, rebuke, insight or encouragement.

When God uttered His full being was engaged in creation. He is all knowing, omniscient. All He creates is irreducibly complex (to borrow a phrase from Michael Behe) things from their inception. All parts are present, working together as they are designed to work, for the thing created to exist and move in a universe built especially for all the universe contains.