Studies in Genesis 1
And God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, on the earth.” And it was so. (Genesis 1:11 ESV)
God introduces a phrase He uses more than any other phrase in the first chapter of Genesis. “According to its kind.” God uses this phrase when He speaks to living things. He does not use this phrase for non-living things. Buried deep in this phrase is a description of what every thing is and what it is not.
God tells us the plants He created had seeds. Seed means both fruit and to plant, as in to put in the ground to grow. So, the plants and trees are given by God the means to reproduce and propagate. God put within the plants and trees the natural ability to make more plants and trees after their own kind.
He does not say one type of plant, herb or tree propagate a different plant, herb or tree. Each plant and tree reproduces “according to its kind.” God implanted in the cells of every plant the DNA, the program, which determines what the plant is. Every plant species has a genetic makeup. Wheat cannot make apples. Apple trees do not grow cherries.
Buried deep in the cellular structure of every living thing is that which makes it what it is and not something else. This is a hard yet important distinction. By making each species individual from other species God has effectively separated the species, one from another. This separation does not make one species more valuable than another. This separation does make each species unique in creation.