Studies in Genesis 1
In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. (Genesis 1:1-5 ESV)
Three times God uses the word “darkness” during the first day of creation. He uses the word “light” five times.
After He created the heavens and the earth He tells us that which we cannot know otherwise, that earth was without form. Earth had substance and mass but was not shaped and was a desolate waste. There was “darkness.” Had there been anyone on the earth they would see a dead, miserable and inhospitable place.
Space is filled with the material of the universe. God began to shape the material He created into things unimaginably small to extraordinarily vast.
Yet, the first thing He does after creation is to form “light” which He calls “good.” Without the energy of light life could not exist. Still, God recognizes darkness and the essential necessity of light. He controls both. He divides and makes a distinction between “light” and “darkness” calling “light” “day” and “darkness” “night.”
One of the essential themes of Scripture is the reality of “separation.” Here it is the division and judging the distinction between “light,” which I suggestion is righteousness, that which is “good,” and “darkness” which is wickedness, sorrow, destruction and death.
I do not ask why God allows darkness but recognize His authority to allow and determine the extent of darkness. I also acknowledge without light, whether the energy of the light of the universe or the eternal light of God, I would not exist. Nothing alive would exist. Life needs God and physical light.