Monthly Archives: July 2015

Water From Water

Studies in Genesis 1

And God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so. And God called the expanse Heaven. (Genesis 1:6-7 ESV)

When God separated “waters from the waters” He created an atmosphere. He had already created light. Now He separates water, the hazardous “primordial soup” into liquid and gaseous H20 and other elements. He has not yet created life.

When looking for life on other planets Scientists seek two things. There are uncounted variables which must come together in a specific way for life to exist but many think if they find an atmosphere and water life is possible. Life does not mean sentient, moving and large. Life is the smallest organisms. But life is life and for life to exist it must have an environment which allows and protects life.

What is needed in an environment to support and protect life? Light, (real) water and an atmosphere. Our atmosphere is made up of many gases but is mostly oxygen (about 21%) and nitrogen (about 78%). Too much oxygen and life could burn because oxygen is needed for combustion. Too much oxygen damages the lungs. Too little and we die. God diluted the air with nitrogen, which is colorless, odorless and inert, but is also essential for growth.

Our atmosphere also has humidity, which is the moisture content (water) found in air. In order to continue to live we must have water and air and light and all of the properties which come with these things.

God separated the harmful and hazardous liquid chemical atoms and molecules into liquid and gas which would sustain life.

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Expanse

Studies in Genesis 1

And God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so. And God called the expanse Heaven. (Genesis 1:6-7 ESV)

God uses one word four times in these verses. It is the word “expanse” or “firmament.” An “expanse” is a place separating one solid thing from another. During the time just after creation, God began to separate solid from solid and liquid from liquid putting a space between them. It would seem that as the universe expanded and grew chunks of matter move farther apart from each other until the distance between these chunks, from our perspective, was enormous.

Yet, in these verses God is talking about earth, what will become the habitable place upon which He created life. Here, He separated “waters from the waters” putting a space between them. It is this space which is an “expanse.”  This “expanse” could be small, enveloping the earth, or large, containing the entirety of the heavens, all of space.

It would appear God created matter in at least three forms: solid, liquid and gaseous. Gas is differentiated from liquid, which is differentiated from solid, by the amount of space between each atom, or the expanse of space around each molecule. Those atoms and molecules tightly placed are more solid than those loosely held together.

An “expanse” is a defined space between the matter God created and molded into its various forms.

Dividing Water from Water

Studies in Genesis 1

And God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” (Genesis 1:6 ESV)

Again, God speaks. Elohim awmar. Every time God speaks His creation responds, conforming to His will and according to His purpose.

Just as when God divided darkness from light so He divides “water” from “water.” Yet, the word He uses for “water” here is the same word He used in Genesis 1:2. He uses this word five times in these three verse.

“Water” does not necessarily mean H2O, which is one of the indispensable molecules needed to sustain life. In Hebrew the word “water” can mean H2O but may mean either urine or semen, or both. When God created matter He talks about both solid and liquid matter. These waters  may be the primordial soup of the fantasy theories of those who discount the reality of God’s involvement in creation.

Many theorize life spontaneously erupted from the primordial soup, which is a mixture of chemicals, including methane, ammonia, hydrogen but not oxygen, acted upon by an electrical pulse, heat and ultraviolet light made the chemicals react in a way to form amino acids, which are needed to make protein. Amino acids by themselves are not alive.

Like solid matter brought into existence at creation, “water” is a concoction of stuff hostile to life. God will form “water” into other stuff capable of sustaining life.

He has not yet created. He is making an environment which will sustain the life He is going to make.

Day One Summary

Studies in Genesis 1

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness.  God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. (Genesis 1:1-5 ESV)

God created the universe as a closed system, and all of the material found in the universe ex nihilo, out of nothing. As a closed system nothing can be added nor taken from the universe. He established the Laws of the universe determining all creation adhere to those Laws. God exists outside of the universe and all He created.

His Spirit moved throughout the created universe, through the darkness, over the waste. He is active and mindful of all His creation. He has absolute control.

God then took the material He created and shaped and formed it into other things.

God spoke. When God speaks He assigns purpose and direction. Out of the existing material of the universe He made “light” which is energized matter moving at a high speed. God approved of light.

God separated light from darkness, beginning the process of building a place where life can exist and grow. God separates that which He deems “good” as measured according to His eternal standards from that which just is. Yet, He takes that which just is and shapes it according to His will. His first act of separating is light from darkness.

He called the light “Day.” Day means a period of time of light. With light comes life.

He called the darkness “Night.” Night means a period of time of darkness. With darkness is waste and desolation.

Everything God creates is perfect, fitting His design and specifications.

First Day

Studies in Genesis 1

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.  And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness.  God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. (Genesis 1:1-5 ESV)

Three times God uses the word “darkness” during the first day of creation. He uses the word “light” five times.

After He created the heavens and the earth He tells us that which we cannot know otherwise, that earth was without form. Earth had substance and mass but was not shaped and was a desolate waste. There was “darkness.” Had there been anyone on the earth they would see a dead, miserable and inhospitable place.

Space is filled with the material of the universe. God began to shape the material He created into things unimaginably small to extraordinarily vast.

Yet, the first thing He does after creation is to form “light” which He calls “good.” Without the energy of light life could not exist. Still, God recognizes darkness and the essential necessity of light. He controls both. He divides and makes a distinction between “light” and “darkness” calling “light” “day” and “darkness” “night.”

One of the essential themes of Scripture is the reality of “separation.”  Here it is the division and judging the distinction between “light,” which I suggestion is righteousness, that which is “good,” and “darkness” which is wickedness, sorrow, destruction and death.

I do not ask why God allows darkness but recognize His authority to allow and determine the extent of darkness. I also acknowledge without light, whether the energy of the light of the universe or the eternal light of God, I would not exist. Nothing alive would exist. Life needs God and physical light.

God Named Light Day

Studies in Genesis 1

God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. (Genesis 1:5 ESV)

God named “Day” and “Night.” He called the light “Day” which means to be hot, or the warm period of time. “Day” may also mean a period of time marked by a specific beginning and ending such as an “age” or “epoch.”

Our question is what does the word mean in Genesis 1:5. God actually uses the same word twice, at the beginning of the verse and then at the end. He uses the same word for “day” in both places. He has defined the word in the first part of the verse as “light.” “God called the light Day.” Does He then use the same word to mean something different?

God is finishing His work on the first day of creation. He uses the word “dusk” or “evening” followed by the word “dawn” or “morning” to distinguish a period of time He has determined is the first day. “Dusk”, like “evening” suggests in our minds the coming of night. “Dawn”, or “morning” suggests the end of night. Yet, both “dusk” and “dawn” are periods of light.

Yet, we cannot say the earth is revolving around the sun in an annual orbit while spinning on its axis to create the “evening and morning” of a day. It is not until the fourth “day” God places the sun and moon and the stars in the heavens then.

Do not jump ahead of God and assume only one way is true. We were not around on the first day. We must rely upon God to tell us what it was like if He should so desire.

Day and Night

     Studies in Genesis 1

God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. (Genesis 1:5 ESV)

When God gives a name to something He describes the things essential nature and being. He calls “light Day” and “darkness He called Night.” What do these words mean to us? Can we determine what the words mean to God?

“Day” can mean a number of things, such as “hot” or the “warm” part of a period of time. “Day” can also mean a literal period of fixed time or a figurative period of time where a set of events or occurrences happen, such as an “age.”

“Night” can also mean a number of different things. According to Strong the word “night” is a “twist away” from light but may also mean “adversity.” Thus, night is both a physical time where there is no light and another period of time where there is danger, difficulty or hardship.

Physical light and darkness are analogous of eternal circumstances. When God named Day and Night He may have implied physical reality is a description of spiritual reality.

We must keep in mind at least two specific ideas. First, if we interpret Scripture here only literally then the Sun and Moon are not created or named until the fourth day. If this is true, and there is no reason to believe otherwise, then earth is not orbiting around anything. Therefore, day and night are not set periods of time.

Secondly, everything God creates is perfect. Why would He use a word which may mean danger or hardship or difficulty unless He knew this would happen?

Are there other questions I need to ask?